Must, should = ought to, have to /has to Þ -melisin* You must wear your shoes when you g oto a wedding(Bir düğüne gittiğinde ayakkabılarını giymelisin)* You look ill. You should see a doctor.* You are a student. You have to wear a five at school.Not: “Have to” da mecburiyet vardır.“Must” taki mecburiyet azdır.“Should” da öğüt vardır.Mustnt, shouldnt = ought not to, dont have to /doesnt have to Þ -mamalısın* You mustnt drive very fast* You shouldnt drink cold water a lot.doesnt have to / dont have to = neednt = dont/doesnt need to Þ -mak zorunda değilsin* You dont have to get up on sundays.* When you join the army, you have to wear a uniform.* When the lights are red for you, you mustnt drive on.* If you want to be healthy, you should eat a lot of fruit.* You dont have to get your book. We dont use any boks at this course* A: Is it cold outside? Must I wear my coat?B: No, you neednt wear it. The weather is quite warm.* When you live in Turkey, you dont need to obey, traffic rules. Nobady cares for it.Not: “Neednt” konuşma anında. “Dont need to” is e genel anda kullanılır.1. People should visit a doctor at least once two years.2. You have to wash your hands! They are very drity.3. Do you want met o help you vash the dishes ?No, you neednt do that. I can do it later.4. Students dont need to g oto school on holiday.5. That part of the sea is very deep! You mustnt swim here.6. A teacher has to know what he tells very well.7. You mustnt watch TV when you have an important exam.8. Studnets have to pass an exam to enter a unıversty. * It is raining so you must take an umbrella.Not: So, thas, hence, therefore ð Bu yüzdenTo, in order to, so as to ð -mek / -mak içinNot to, in order not to, so as not to ð-mamak için* You have to have an entry card to enter unıversity* You dont need to wear a tea in England to teach* You mustnt drive your car fast not to be panishes(cezalandırma).(Cezalandırılmamak için arabanızı hızlı sürmemelisin)* O geç kalmamak için koşmak zorundaHe must run not to be late.* Kalmamak için çalışmalısın.You must study not to fail* She drank tea to feel better (daha iyi hissetmek) in order toso as to* She didnt shout at him not to upset him (Onu üzmemek için ona bağırmamalısın)in order not toso as not toNot: So as to, to, in order to ‘dan sonra he, she, it gelmez. V1 gelmek zorundadır.Not: “am/ is/ are to “ da –meli anlamı verir.* You are to wait outside until the menager calls your.* I am to help my mother with the housework after school(Okuldan geldikten sonra ev işlerinde anneme yardım etmek zorundayım)* T.Çiller is to come to K.Maraş tomorrow.Not: Çiller yarın Maraşa gelecek. Buradaki “is to” farklıdır. “is going to” nun yerine gelmiştir.Not: am / is / are supposed to ð -meli, -malı* You are supposed to be in your class now.Not: be supposed toð sanılıyor, düşünülüyor.* We dont now where Ali is but he is supposed to be in BursaNot: Have to, has to bazen have got to, has got to şeklinde olabilir. Have got to ð Konuşma anında kullanılır.Not: am / is / are not to ð be not to* I will have to go (Gitmek zorundayım)Geçmiş Zamanð had to* She had to get up early so she went to bed early (Erken kalkmak zorundaydı bu yüzden erken yattı)Gelecek Zamanð will have to* You have to cook when you marryPresent Perfectð Have /has had to +V1* Since I came from school, I have had to study. * My mother had to wash the dishes. (Annem bulaşıkları yıkamak zorundaydı)Not: had to Î didnt have to ð Gerek yoktu yapmadım Will have to Î Wont have to* I didnt have to wear ties at school(Okulda kravat takmak zorunda değildim bu yüzden takmadım)* You wont have to work if you marry a rich man(Eğer zengin biriyle evlanirsen çalışmak zorunda olmayacaksın) * When I was in the army, we had to obey the rules it was so difficult. (Askerdeyken emirlere uymak zorundaydım)* You will have to learn a lot more about models next lesson* Student didnt have to learn Englısh in classes 4 and 5 in Primary school ten years age* A person has to get a passport if he wants to travel abroad.* You dont have to came to this course if you dont need Englısh,
Bir önceki yazımız olan 11-7 PREPOSITION + NOUN başlıklı makalemizde PREPOSITION + NOUN hakkında bilgiler verilmektedir.