Inversion, İngilizce Devrik Yapı Konu Anlatımı, Cümleler, Alıştırma

INVERSION

Inversion is used to give emphasis or to be rhetorical in more formal situations, in political speeches, on the news, and also in literature. Some native speakers may also use them occasionally in day-to-day conversation.

Look at these examples, and then try the exercises at the bottom of the page.

At no time
e.g. At no time did I say I would accept late homework.

Hardly……..when

This is used to refer to an event that quickly follows another. It is usually used with the past perfect.

e.g. Hardly had I got into bed, when there was a knock at the door.

Less used is Hardly….before.

e.g. Hardly had I left before the trouble started.

Little

e.g. Little did I know that he was a compulsive liar.

Little does she know what surprises we have in store for her.

No sooner…..than

This is used to refer to an event that quickly follows another. It is usually used with the past perfect, but sometimes with the simple past.

e.g. No sooner had I reached the door than I realised it was locked.

No sooner did I reach the door than I realised it was locked.

Not + object

e.g. Not a single word did she say.

Not only…..but also

e.g. Not only has McDonalds, which employs over 1
million people worldwide, played a huge role in pioneering low standards now equated with the word McJobs, but it has also decided to restrict our ability to have a public discussion about the impact of the McJobs phenomenon, Naomi Klein, No Logo: Taking Aim at Brand Bullies (Toronto: Vintage Canada, 2000)

Not until

e.g. Not until January will I have a holiday.

Nowhere

e.g. Nowhere had Susan seen a more beautifully decorated room.

Only after

This is usually used with the simple past.

e.g. Only after the film started did I realise that Id seen it before.

On no account/Under no circumstances

e.g. On no account should you be absent from your seminars.

Only then/if/when/later

This is usually used with the simple past.

e.g. Only then did I know what I had got myself into.

Rarely/Seldom/Never

These are most commonly used with the present perfect or past perfect, & with modals such as can and could. The present simple can also be used.

e.g. Seldom have I seen him looking so miserable.

Rarely does a movie make you feel so warm and so uneasy at the same time. – Review of `Hearts in Atlantis` in the Canadian Province, 28/09/01

Never in her life had she experienced this exhilarating emotion.

Scarcely/Barely….when

This is used to refer to an event that quickly follows another. It is usually used with the past perfect.

e.g. Scarcely had I arrived home when there was a knock on the door.

So……that

This is a common inversion, usually used with an adjective & the verb `be`.

e.g. So exciting was the soap opera, that I forgot to do my English homework.

It can also be used with much.

e.g. So much did she adore John, that she would not give him up.

Such….that

Used with the verb `be` and a noun, it means so much or so great.

e.g. Such was the popularity of the soap opera, that the streets were deserted whenever it was on.

TEST ON INVERSION

1. No sooner had I reached home……………………….the telephone rang.
a) than b) when c)———– d) then e) immediately

2. ………………… that you were in hospital, I would certainly have visited you there.
a) I had known b) Had I known c) If I knew d) Knowing e) should I know

3. ………………… left the building, when the bomb went off.
a) Hardly have we b) Hardly we had c) Hardly had we d) If we e) we had no sooner

4. Under no circumstances ……………………any comprimise.
a) there can be b) which they can c) like they are d) that there can be e) can there be

5. ………………… must there be any repetition of such tactics.
a) sometimes b) not only c) very seldom d) once in a while e) until

6. …………………. else can there be a woman like this, so everybody admires her.
a) Anywhere b) Somewhere c) Where d) Nowhere e) What

7. At no time ………………………….. the office without getting permission from my boss.
a) I left b) did I leave c) I didn?t leave d) did they notice e) not only did they notice

8. Not until the thief left the house, ……………………..him although they were at home.
a) they noticed b) they didn?t notice c) didn?t they notice d) did they notice e) not only did they notice

9. ………………….. lost in the market, the staff of the shop will help him.
a) Were the boy to get b) The little boy gets c) Should the little boy get d) The little boy should get e) The little boy were to get

10. Never ……………………….. any doubt about the matter.
a) has there been b) hasn?t there been c) there has been d) there hasn?t been e) there should be

11. ………………… greedy, I could have bought a lot of jewellery.
a) If I had b) Had I been c) Should I be d) I had been e) I hadn?t been

12. Only from that student …………………the truth.
a) could I understand b) I understand c) I understand that d) I could understand e) I could have understood

13. Even less ……………………..of what the teacher is thinking.
a) we know b) what we know c) that we d) do we know e) which we know

14. ……………………… informed them of the mistake in time, your students would have never succeeded.
a) Had you now b) You hadn?t c) You had d) Did you e) That you had

15. Not until I came into the class …………………….. her illness.
a) I had realized b) did I realize c) have I realized d) I realize e) I realized

KEY
1. a No sooner…. than ile birlikte kullanılır.
2. b Bu cümle 3. tip koşul cümlesinin devrik(inversion) yapısıdır. Bunu cümlenin 2. tarafından anlıyoruz. (Had I V3)
3. c (Hardly had………………….V3 When ………………… ) bu yapı bir işin, bir diğerinden çok kısa bir an önce yapıldığını gösterir.
4. e No sözcüğünü taşıyan zarflar devrik cümle başlatır, bu nedenle can there be yapısı inversion için doğru seçenek.
5. c seldom olumsuzluk ve kısıtlama ifade eden zarflar cümle başına getirilerek anlamları vurgulanır.
6.d no where – olumsuzluk ifadesi
7. b at no time- olumsuzluk ifadesi
8. d not until= only when ? yine bir olumsuzluk ifadesidir.
9. c should+ subject= If u should – 1. tip koşul cümlelerinin devrik yapısı
10. a never ? olumsuzluk ifadesi
11. b Had I been = If I had been ? 3. tip koşul cümlesinin devrik şeklidir.
12. a only ? ile yapılan zarflar cümle başına gelerek devrik cümle kurarlar
13. d devrik yapıda cümle, soru durumunda kullanılır.
14. a 3. tip koşul cümlesinin devrik yapısı olduğunu için if u had not informed için Had u not
15. b not until ile başlayan cümle devrik cğmle did I realize doğru yanıttır.

pixel Inversion, İngilizce Devrik Yapı Konu Anlatımı, Cümleler, Alıştırma

Bir önceki yazımız olan İngilizce For and Since, Yet başlıklı makalemizde Already, İngilizce ders notları ve konu anlatımları 3 For and Since ve Just hakkında bilgiler verilmektedir.

Gelen Aramalar: have got hasnt got ın ingilizcede kurlıca yaılması

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